Makara Sankranti (Sanskrit: मकर संक्रांति) also known as Makara Sankranthi, Makara Sankramana, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Suggi Habba, Maharashtra, Makara Mela, Makara Chaula, Makara Sankranti, Odisha, Thai Pongal, Pongal, Uzhavar Thirunal, Tamil Nadu, Uttarayan, Gujarat, Maghi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Bhogali Bihu, magh Bihu, Assam, Shishur Saenkraat, Kashmir Valley, Khichdi, Uttar Pradesh, western Bihar, Poush Sangkranti, West Bengal, Tila Sakrait, Mithila,Maghi. Sankranti is a festival day in the Hindu calendar, in reference to god sun.
Sankranti observed each year in January (13 to 15). It marks the first day of sun’s transit into the Makara Rasi (Capricorn), marking the end of the month with the winter solstice ( when the sun reaches its highest or lowest point in the sky at noon marked by the longest and shortest days ) and the start of longer days.
Makara Sankranti is one of the few great Indian festivals that has been observed acc. to solar cycles, while most Indian festivals are set by the lunar cycle of the lunisolar in Hindu calendar
Makara or Makar Sankranti is celebrated in all states in Indian subcontinent with some regional changes. It is known by different names and celebrated with different ways in different parts of the region:
- Makara Sankranthi, Makara Sankramana, : in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana,
- Suggi Habba, – Maharashtra
- Makara Mela and Makara Chaula or Makara Sankranti : Odisha
- Thai Pongal, Pongal, Uzhavar Thirunal: Tamil Nadu
- Uttarayan: in Gujarat
- Maghi: in Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab.
- Bhogali Bihu or magh Bihu in Assam
- Shishur Saenkraat: in Kashmir Valley
- Khichdi: in Uttar Pradesh, western Bihar
- Poush Sangkranti: in West Bengal
- Tila Sakrait: in Mithila
In other countries too the day is also celebrated by Hindus, but under different names and in different tyes.
- IN Nepal: Maghi- /Khichdi Sankranti or Maghe Sankranti
- IN Bangladesh: Shakrain/ Poush Sangkranti
- In Pakistan (Sindh):– Tirmoori
- In Sri Lanka : —ThaiPongal